Operation Paperclip: secret recruitment program of Nazi scientists


    July 20, 1945, Operation Overcast, the first secret recruitment program of former Nazi scientists, engineers and technicians is established. Eventually renamed Operation Paperclip, and sanctioned by President Truman, it would recruit over 1,600, many former members and leaders of the Nazi Party, to help American interests in the Cold War and Space Race. Fred Curtis, formerly Friedrich Karl Nischwitz, a former Hitler Youth, made the choice early on, escaping Nazi Germany and becoming one of the founders of the modern computer hard drive. His story is told in My Favorite Hitler Youth.